Language of flowers

The renewed Victorian era interest in the language of flowers finds its roots in Ottoman Turkey, specifically the court in Constantinople and an obsession it held with tulips during the first half of the 18th century. The Victorian use of flowers as a means of covert communication bloomed alongside a growing interest in botany.

The floriography craze was introduced to Europe by two people: Englishwoman Mary Wortley Montagu (1689–1762), who brought it to England in 1717, and Aubry de La Mottraye (1674–1743), who introduced it to the Swedish court in 1727. Joseph Hammer-Pugstall's "Dictionnaire du language des fleurs" (1809) appears to be the first published list associating flowers with symbolic definitions, while the first dictionary of floriography appears in 1819 when Louise Cortambert, writing under the pen name 'Madame Charlotte de la Tour,' wrote Le Language des Fleurs.

For each flower you will find multiple significations.

Here you will find some examples

Aster: Ulterior motives
Bellis (Daisies): Innocence
Bouquet of flowers: Gallant gesture
Erica: Loneliness
Fern: Sincerity, reverie
Lilac: Initial loving feelings
Carnation: Lasting beauty
Gorse: Purity
Campanula (blue): Constancy
Wallflower: Radiance
Dog rose: Poetry
Hyacinth: Goodwill
Periwinkle: Sweet memories
Iris: News
Jasmine: Kindness
Crown Imperial: Power
Cherry blossom: Good education
Cherry laurel: Infidelity
Clematis: Refinement
Cornflower: Tact
Lavender: Mistrust
Gillyflower: Dignity
Gillyflower (bright red): You are a goddess
Lily: Majesty
Lotus: Eloquence
Lilies of the valley: Return of good fortune
Hollyhock: Grace
Marguerite: Innocence
Mistletoe: I will overcome all obstacles
Poppy: Consolation
Moss rose: Sensual love
Myrtle: Symbol of marriage
Carnation (red): Pure and deep love
Carnation (yellow): Contempt
Carnation (white): Talent
Orange blossom: Virginity
Daffodil: Desire
Peony: Shame
Passion flower: Belief
Petunia: Surprise
Primula: Youth
Buttercup: You have heavenly charms